In low-density economies, the fundamental economic structure
and its growth opportunities follow a considerably different logic
than in urbanised regions. Recognition that the rural economy is
fundamentally different leads to the need for a new set of policy
prescriptions that reflect differences in opportunities for growth
and differences in the factors that constrain growth.
Rural Policy 3.0 is a mechanism to help national governments
support rural economic development. It reflects several
important changes in rural development. First and foremost is
that rural regions have evolved into far more diverse and
complex socio-economic systems. Second, in general, all
government policies are now less isolated and are held to more
rigorous accountability standards. Third, with better data and
analysis, it is possible to have a better understanding of rural
regions and move away from the presumption that all rural
places are alike.
Rural 3.0. (pdf), OECD, 2018.